New Delhi - Capital of India
Delhi is a
city that bridges two different worlds. Old Delhi, once the capital
of Islamic India, is a labyrinth of narrow lanes lined with
crumbling havelis and formidable mosques. In contrast, the imperial
city of New Delhi created by the British Raj is composed of
spacious, tree lined avenues and imposing government buildings.
Delhi has been the seat of power for several rulers and many empires
for about a millennium. Many a times the city was built, destroyed
and then rebuilt here. Interestingly, a number of Delhi's rulers
played a dual role, first as destroyers and then as creators.
The city's importance lies not just in its past glory as the seat of
empires and magnificent monuments, but also in the rich and diverse
cultures. No wonder chroniclers of Delhi culture - from Chand Bardai
and Amir Khusro to present days writers - have never been at a loss
for topics. In Delhi, you will discover that the city is sprinkled
with dazzling gems: captivating ancient monuments, fascinating
museums and art galleries, architectural wonders, a vivacious
performing-arts scene, fabulous eating places and bustling markets.
Delhi has been the political hub of India. Every political activity
in the country traces its roots here. This was true even of the
mythological era. The Pandavas of the Mahabharata had their capital
at Indraprastha, which is believed to have been geographically
located in today's Delhi.
History of Delhi
history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was
known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course
eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri,
Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and
Delhi has been a witness to the political turmoil for over five
centuries. It was ruled by the Mughals in succession to Khiljis and
In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured
the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206). The
invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the
Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the
battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire. The early
Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became
their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of
From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of the city kept
shifting from one ruler to another. The soils of the city smell of
blood, sacrifices and love for the nation. The old 'Havelis' and
edifices from the past stand silent but their silence also speaks
volumes for their owners and people who lived here centuries back.
In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911,
British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again
became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has
the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It
included the British and the current political parties that have had
the honour of leading free India.
Attractions in New Delhi
The 42 metre high, free standing arch, popularly known as India
Gate, was designed by Luytens and built in 1911. It was originally
called All India War Memorial in memory of the 90,000 Soldiers of
the Indian Army who died in World War I. The names of the soldiers
are inscribed all along the walls of the arch. In 1971, an eternal
flame was lit here to honour the Amar Jawan (immortal soldiers).
Purana Qila (Old Fort)
The ruins of the fort are located on a small hill which once stood
on the banks of the river Yamuna. Legend has it that the fort marked
the site of Indraprastha,, the magnificent capital of the Pandavas,
though the construction was carried out by Sher Shah Suri sometime
between 1538 to 1545 AD. The structure houses a mosque which has a
double storeyed octagonal tower. It is said that the Mughal king
Humayun fell from the tower and died. At the foot of the hill is a
lake where the Delhi Tourism has arrangements for boating.
Within Connaught Place is the Jantar Mantar Observatory built by the
Rajput King of Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh in 1724. It was believed to
have been built with masonry instruments for observing the movements
of the stars and planets.
Taj Mahal is known have been inspired by Humayun's Tomb, and in many
ways this magnificent red and while building is as spectacular as
the famous Taj Mahal in Agra. Tomb is memorial by a grieving wife
and was built by his widow Haji Begum in 1565-66, nine years after
The splendor of this grand monument becomes overpowering on entering
through the lofty double storeyed gateway. It is set in the centre
of a large square garden enclosed by high walls on three sides,
while the river would have been the forth boundary. The Chahar Bagh
is divided into smaller squares by pathways as in a typical Mughal
garden. The fountains were worked with simple yet highly developed
engineering skills quite common in India during that period.
It was the eyes and ears of the Mughal's commercial instincts and is
today one of the country's best known wholesale markets for
textiles, electronic goods and many other items. The entire area was
designed by Jahanara Begum, Shah Jahan'' favorite daughter and was
then inhabited by the well-to-do families of the time. In today's
time, this area is highly congested.
It is the last enclosed garden tomb in Delhi in the tradition of
Humayun's Tomb though it is far less grand in scale. It was built in
1753-54 as the mausoleum of Safdarjang, the viceroy of the Awadh
under the Mughal Emperor, Mohammed Shah. It has several smaller
A marvelous piece of architecture which can be admired only from
outside on account of security restrictions. Close to President's
House, it is circular structure almost a kilometer in circumference,
and was designed by the famed architect Luytens. It is the seat of
Rashtrapati Bhawan (President's House)
The official residence of the President of the country, the building
was also designed by Luytens. It was the official residence of the
Viceroy when the British ruled India. With 340 rooms and an area of
about 330 acres. The Mughal Gardens within the complex are a treat
for the eyes and are open to public during certain periods of the
Representing the Hindu mythology and the Indian culture, the
Akshardham Temple stands on the banks of river Yamuna, covering an
area of 100 acres. This modern-day wonder boasts 234 embellished
pillars, 20,000 statues and a number of arches. The temple complex
houses an IMAX theatre, exhibition halls and musical fountains.
Surrounded by beautifully laid out garden, the temple attracts lakhs
of tourists from far and wide. The temple is built in marble and red
sandstone, symbolising devotion and eternal peace.
Built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648, the
masterpiece of Red Fort has the distinction of being chosen as a
site from where the prime minister of India addresses the nation on
the Independence Day. Popular as Lal Quila, the grand and imposing
fort is today a regular haunt of tourists from all parts of the
world. The unparalleled architecture is testimony to the grandness
of supremacy of Mughal empire in India. The complex houses
Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, the Moti Masjid, the Shahi Burj etc. The
fort stands as dignified and grandiose as it did centuries ago.
How to reach there...
capital of India, New Delhi is
well connected by road, rail and air.
Hotels in New Delhi
Mahal - Symbol of Love
Mahal is regarded as the most perfect jewel of Muslim art in India.
This huge mausoleum mosque was built by Shah Jahan, the fifth Muslim
Mogul emperor, in memory of his beloved wife, a Persian princess
born as Arjuman Bano Begum but known as Mumtaz Mahal.
Pushkar Fair begins on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, which falls in the
month of October-November and goes on for five long days till Kartik
Purnima. The fair is synonymous to a cattle fair.
About New Delhi - Capital of India, New Delhi Tourism, Visit Top
Tourist Destinations, Monuments, Attractions, Places, How to reach
New Delhi, top, tourist, New Delhi tourism, destinations in, New Delhi,
monuments in New Delhi, attractions in New Delhi, places in New Delhi, in
india, how to reach, about New Delhi, New Delhi tourism, in New Delhi,
history of New Delhi, Capital of India