History of Jodhpur
Set at the edge of the Thar desert, the imperial city of Jodhpur
echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. Once
the capital of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao
Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be
descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The massive
15th century A.D. Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill,
soaring 125 Mts. Above the plains. The city is encompassed by a high
wall -10 km long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions. A major
trade centre of the 16th century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur
is now the second largest city of Rajasthan.
Attractions in Jodhpur
Mehrangarh Fort was founded in 15th century by the Rathore Rajputs
when they shifted their capital from nearby Mandore to
Jodhpur.Mehrangarh appears to rise from bluff-coloured sandstone
hill itself , so well built into the base that it is difficult to
tell where the hill ends and the walls begin. It is approached by a
series of seven gateways set at an angle so that armies could not
charge them with any success. Past the gates, the fort-palace takes
one's breath away . Across from huge courtyards are the set wings of
palatial apartments that have been built over five centuries of
The Jaswant Thada, located half way up the interminably long road
that climbs onwards to the fort, is the traditional cremation ground
of the rulers of Jodhpur. Taking pride of place amongst the
ornamental gardens and chattris is the fabulous white marble
memorial to Jaswant Singh II, built in 1899. The cenotaphs of other
rulers , in the same neighborhood , are relatively simpler.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
Constructed of marble and pink sandstone this immense palace is also
known as the Chhittar Palace because it uses local Chittar
sandstone. Begun in 1929, it was designed by president of the
British Royal Institute of Architects for Maharaja Umaid Singh and
took 15 years to complete.
Probably the most surprising thing about this grandiose palace is
that it was built so close to Independence, after which Maharajas
and their grand extravagances were a thing of the past.
Umaid Singh died in 1947, four years after the palace was completed;
the current Maharaja Gaj Singh II, still lives in part of the
building. The rest has been converted into a hotel.
Girdikot & Sardar Market
Tiny shops line both sides of the narrow lanes in these markets. One
can find textiles, silver, handicrafts, aromatic spices, vegetables
and colorful Indian sweets in these shops.
Bal Samand Lake
A pretty lake with a pleasure or summer palace, the Balsamand
palace, on its banks. These are built around the artificial lake
constructed in 1159 AD.
How to reach there...
is well connected by good network of roads, rail and air. Jodhpur
airport is 5 kms from city centre. Its the second largest city of
Hotels in Jodhpur
Mahal - Symbol of Love
Mahal is regarded as the most perfect jewel of Muslim art in India.
This huge mausoleum mosque was built by Shah Jahan, the fifth Muslim
Mogul emperor, in memory of his beloved wife, a Persian princess
born as Arjuman Bano Begum but known as Mumtaz Mahal.
Pushkar Fair begins on Kartik Shukla Ekadashi, which falls in the
month of October-November and goes on for five long days till Kartik
Purnima. The fair is synonymous to a cattle fair.
About Jodhpur, Rajasthan Tourism, Visit Top Tourist
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